EBC Annex 66
Definition and Simulation of Occupant Behavior in Buildings
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Status: Completed (2013 - 2018)

Operating Agents

Tianzhen Hong (Leader, Subtask 3)
Building Technologies
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
1 Cyclotron Road, MS 90R2000
Berkeley, CA 94720
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Tel: +1 510 486 7082
Email
Da Yan (Leader, Subtask 3)
Associate Professor
Department of Building Science
School of Architecture
Tsinghua University
100084 Beijing
CHINA
Email

 
Website: www.annex66.org

Overview

Occupant behaviour, which is a key issue for building design optimization, energy diagnosis, performance evaluation, and building energy simulation, contributes significantly to the building energy consumption, while the cognition of influences of occupant behaviour is quite insufficient both in building systems design and energy retrofit nowadays, leading to limited understanding and inappropriate over-simplification. Existing studies on occupant behaviour, mainly from the perspective of sociology, lack in-depth quantitative analysis.

Although there are many group worldwide studying occupant behaviour individually, to date the behaviour models created so far have often been inconsistent, with a lack of consensus in common language, in good experimental design and in modelling methodologies. Due to the complexity and the great discrepancies in behaviour often encountered, it is prerequisite for researchers to work together to define and simulate occupant behaviour in a consistent and common way. International cooperation is extremely important for both knowledge discovery and data sharing. The target of the project is to set up a standard occupant behaviour definition platform, establish a quantitative simulation methodology to model behaviour in buildings, and understand the influence of behaviour on building energy use and the indoor environment.

How to develop quantitatively describe the influence of occupant behaviour on building performance and how to analyze and evaluate the impact of occupant behaviour in buildings are fundamental scientific questions. Answering these questions is the main focus of this project. The objectives are to:

  • identify quantitative descriptions and classifications of occupant behaviour,
  • develop effective calculation methodologies of occupant behaviour,
  • implement occupant behaviour models with building energy simulation tools,
  • demonstrate the occupant behaviour models in design, evaluation and operation and optimization by case studies.

Participants

Canada, R. China, Denmark, Italy, Norway, Republic of Korea, Netherlands, New Zealand, Spain, United Kingdom, USA

Publications

  • Factsheet: Definition and Simulation of Occupant Behavior in Buildings (PDF 0.32MB) Edit Publication
    November 2018
    Author: Annex 66
  • Definition and Simulation of Occupant Behavior in Buildings (PDF 0.28MB) Edit Publication
    Reference Procedures for Obtaining Occupancy Profiles in Residential Buildings
    May 2018
    Author: Marilena De Simone, Cristina Carpino, Dafni Mora, Stephanie Gauthier, Victoria Aragon, Gülsu Ulukavak Harputlugil
    Publisher: Tsinghua University, P.R. China, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, CA, USA
  • Definition and Simulation of Occupant Behavior in Buildings (PDF 5.11MB) Edit Publication
    Final Report
    May 2018
    Editor: Da Yan, Tianzhen Hong
    Publisher: Tsinghua University, P.R. China, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, CA, USA
  • Definition and Simulation of Occupant Behavior in Buildings (PDF 0.61MB) Edit Publication
    Technical Report: An International Survey of Occupant Behavior in Workspaces
    November 2017
    Author: Simona D’Oca, Chien-fei Chen, Tianzhen Hong, Zsofia Belafi
    Editor: Tianzhen Hong
    Publisher: Tsinghua University, P.R. China, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, CA, USA
  • Definition and Simulation of Occupant Behavior in Buildings (PDF 1.4MB) Edit Publication
    Technical Report: Studying Occupant Behavior in Buildings - Methods and Challenges
    November 2017
    Author: Andreas Wagner, William O’Brien, Bing Dong, Marcel Schweiker, Salvatore Carlucci, Rune Korsholm Andersen, David Shipworth, Gesche Huebner, Mikkel Baun Kjærgaard, Marilena De Simone, H. Burak Gunay, Dafni Mora, Jakub Dziedzic, Jie Zhao, Julia K. Day, Sara Gilani, Rune Korsholm Andersen, Hui Zhang, Richard de Dear, Marcel Schweiker, Edwin Goh, Wouter van Marken Lichtenbelt, Rita Streblow, Francesco Goia, Sumee Park, Da Yan, Chuang Wang, Xiaohang Feng, Ardeshir Mahdavi, Mahnameh Taheri, Matthias Schuss, Farhang Tahmasebi, Stefan Glawischnig, Chien-fei Chen
    Editor: Tianzhen Hong
    Publisher: Tsinghua University, P.R. China, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, CA, USA
  • Definition and Simulation of Occupant Behavior in Buildings (PDF 0.73MB) Edit Publication
    Technical Report: Surveys to Understand Current Needs, Practice and Capabilities of Occupant Modeling in Building Simulation
    November 2017
    Author: William O’Brien, Andrew Cowie
    Editor: Tianzhen Hong
    Publisher: Tsinghua University, P.R. China, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, CA, USA
  • Definition and Simulation of Occupant Behavior in Buildings (PDF 1.76MB) Edit Publication
    Technical Report: Occupant Behavior Modeling Approaches and Evaluation
    November 2017
    Author: Ardeshir Mahdavi, Farhang Tahmasebi, Burak Gunay, William O’Brien, Simona D’Oca
    Editor: Tianzhen Hong
    Publisher: Tsinghua University, P.R. China, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, CA, USA
  • Definition and Simulation of Occupant Behavior in Buildings (PDF 6.02MB) Edit Publication
    Technical Report: Occupant Behavior Case Study Sourcebook
    November 2017
    Author: Clinton Andrews, Khee Poh Lam, Yujie Lu, Ruidong Chang, Cary Chan
    Editor: Tianzhen Hong
    Publisher: Tsinghua University, P.R. China, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, CA, USA